The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the Charter of the United Nations, 1945) is the basic treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization. E ‘was signed at the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center in San Francisco, USA, on June 26, 1945, of 50 of the original 51 original members (Poland, the other original member, who Was not represented at the conference, he signed it two months). It came into force October 24, 1945, after being ratified by the five original permanent security members-the Republic of China (after 1949, which is located in Taiwan’s Council and was subsequently replaced by the Republic of China) , The Provisional Government of the French Republic (later replaced by the Fourth Republic, then the Fifth Republic), the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (later replaced by the Russian Federation), the United Kingdom and the United States And most other signatories.
As a map, it is a constitutional treaty, and all members are bound by its articles. Furthermore, Article 103 of the Charter provides that the obligations of the United Nations shall prevail over all other treaty obligations. Most countries in the world have ratified the Charter.
The map consists of a preamble and a series of articles grouped into chapters.
The preamble consists of two main parts. The first part contains a general appeal for the maintenance of peace and security and respect for international human rights. The second part of the preamble is a declaration in a style of contract that the governments of the peoples of the United Nations have decided on the Charter and is the first international document on human rights.
Chapter I sets out the purposes of the United Nations, including important provisions for the maintenance of international peace and security.
Chapter II sets out the criteria for accession to the United Nations.
Chapters III-XV, most of the document describes the organs and agencies of the United Nations and their respective authorities.
Chapters XVI and XVII describe how to integrate the United Nations with established international law.
Chapters Chapter XVIII and XIX provide for the amendment and ratification of the Charter.
The following chapters deal with the enforcement powers of United Nations bodies:
Chapter VI describes the power of the Security Council to investigate and resolve disputes;
Chapter VII describes the power of the Security Council to authorize economic, diplomatic and military sanctions and the use of military force to resolve conflicts;
Chapter VIII allows regional arrangements to maintain peace and security in its region;
Chapters IX and X describe the powers of the United Nations for economic and social co-operation and the Economic and Social Council which oversees these powers;
Chapters XII and XIII, chapter describe the Trusteeship Council, which oversaw decolonization;
Chapter XIV and XV Chapter establish the respective powers of the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat of the United Nations.
Chapters XVI Chapter XIX according to XVI respectively: MISCELLANEOUS, XVII: transitional security measures related to the Second World War, XVIII: the process of amendment of the Charter and XIX: ratification of the Charter